4:1-4

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُم مِّن نَّفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالًا كَثِيرًا وَنِسَاءً ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي تَسَاءَلُونَ بِهِ وَالْأَرْحَامَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيبًا

O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah , through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Indeed Allah is ever, over you, an Observer.(4:1)

  • When the whole of creation is addressed, Allah said fear your Rabb — your master.
  • But when the injunction is specific, we are commanded to fear Allah.
  • Rubobbiya (Allah is your Rub) has endearment; Uloohiya (Allah is the one who deserves worship) has intimidation.
  • اتَّقُواْ رَبَّكُمُ ربكم الذي رباكم وأنعم عليكم فذكر بالربوبية، وفي الأمر الثاني لما كان فيه أوامر خاصة وفيها تعبد لله عز وجل ذكّر بالألوهية. والربوبية فيها تحبب والألوهية فيها تخويف للناس ألا يدعوا أوامر الله سبحانه وتعالى وأن يحذروا من أن يخالفوا أمره جل وعلا

4:1-3

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُم مِّن نَّفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالًا كَثِيرًا وَنِسَاءً ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي تَسَاءَلُونَ بِهِ وَالْأَرْحَامَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيبًا

O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah , through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Indeed Allah is ever, over you, an Observer.(4:1)

  • Men are mentioned first since they are the ones usually in authority, and hence should be the first to fulfill the injunctions contained in this chapter.
  • Dr. Muhammad ibn Abdul Aziz Al-Khadiri:  قدّم الرجال لكونهم هم المطالَبون بأن يؤدوا هذه الحقوق بشكل أكبر وقدّمهم أيضًأ لأنهم أكمل ولأن لهم القوامة ووصف بالكثرة لبيان أن كثرة الرجال نعمة فإذا كثرت النساء صار من البلاء ما الله به عليم! ولذلك في آخر الزمان يكون للخمسين امرأة قيّم واحد  وهذا من علامات فساد الزمان وقرب نهاية العالم

4:1-2

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُم مِّن نَّفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالًا كَثِيرًا وَنِسَاءً ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي تَسَاءَلُونَ بِهِ وَالْأَرْحَامَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيبًا

O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah , through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Indeed Allah is ever, over you, an Observer.(4:1)

  • Why is زَوْجَ used and not امرأة? The former is used for pairs. Implication: Husband and wife need each other, complement one another, and complete each other; they need to be merciful, in order to fulfill each others rights.

4:1

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُم مِّن نَّفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالًا كَثِيرًا وَنِسَاءً ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي تَسَاءَلُونَ بِهِ وَالْأَرْحَامَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيبًا

O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah , through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Indeed Allah is ever, over you, an Observer.(4:1)

  • Why began with addressing the whole of mankind and not just the believers? The commands and the injunctions — rights of the orphan, rights of women, who to marry, etc. —  found in this chapter are universal to all of humanity.
  • Only two chapters in this Qur’an began with this address. This chapter is about the beginning of creation, while Surah Hajj is about the beginning of the next life.

PS. Insh’Allah starting now and during Ramadan, I will post one very small reminder everyday.