3. Who are the Mutaqieen?

الذين يؤمنون بالغيب ويقيمون الصلاة ومما رزقناهم ينفقون

Who believe in the unseen, establish prayer, and spend out of what We have provided for them,

  • This is a style of the Quran: Allah mentions a group, and then in the subsequent ayah describes them.
  • This word means those who. It creates exclusivity; only these are the Mutaqiin — those who have Taqwa (click here for definition).

What are their qualities?

  • 1. Believe in the unseen. Ghaiib is that which is covered.
  • 2. Establish Salaah; not a one time or a Friday occurrence; they are continuously doing it — Fard, Sunnah.. etc.
  • Whatever — could be small or big.
  • Why didn’t Allah specify what is provided? Everything we have is provided by Allah.
  • Why is the past-tense used? Since He has given it, He can also take it.
  • Want to keep what you have or gain more or gain something better?
  • 3. Why is spending not specified? Implication: Spend from whatever you can (your time, wealth, health, knowledge, etc.).

Can you answer these?

  • Why say ‘and’ but not ‘or’? We need to be doing all of these things in order to be successful.
  • Why use the future-tense? Implies continuity; not a one-time occurence.
  • What is the relationship? The most important action we need is imaan. The greatest manifestation of that is Salaah. Spending is a sign if Salaah is having an impact (Zamkhashari: The Quran consistently combines Salaah and Zaaakah.).
  • This ayah moves from the smallest to the biggest. How?
  • How does this ayah contain imaan and islam?
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