الذين يؤمنون بالغيب ويقيمون الصلاة ومما رزقناهم ينفقون
Who believe in the unseen, establish prayer, and spend out of what We have provided for them,
- This is a style of the Quran: Allah mentions a group, and then in the subsequent ayah describes them.
- This word means those who. It creates exclusivity; only these are the Mutaqiin — those who have Taqwa (click here for definition).
What are their qualities?
- 1. Believe in the unseen. Ghaiib is that which is covered.
- 2. Establish Salaah; not a one time or a Friday occurrence; they are continuously doing it — Fard, Sunnah.. etc.
- Whatever — could be small or big.
- Why didn’t Allah specify what is provided? Everything we have is provided by Allah.
- Why is the past-tense used? Since He has given it, He can also take it.
- Want to keep what you have or gain more or gain something better?
- 3. Why is spending not specified? Implication: Spend from whatever you can (your time, wealth, health, knowledge, etc.).
Can you answer these?
- Why say ‘and’ but not ‘or’? We need to be doing all of these things in order to be successful.
- Why use the future-tense? Implies continuity; not a one-time occurence.
- What is the relationship? The most important action we need is imaan. The greatest manifestation of that is Salaah. Spending is a sign if Salaah is having an impact (Zamkhashari: The Quran consistently combines Salaah and Zaaakah.).
- This ayah moves from the smallest to the biggest. How?
- How does this ayah contain imaan and islam?