مالك يوم الدين
The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense.
What is the connection?
- Ayah 1 proves that Allah is the Rab (refer back for definition). The opposite of this is عبد– a slave. Conclusion: We need to enslave ourselves to the Rab of the entire universe.
- If you were standing before a king and military general, like Genghis Khan (some contend that he was the most “powerful king” ever to live), how would you feel? You would be terrified and scared to even look the wrong way.
- Ayah 1 should send fear waves in our hearts, especially when we are in Salah, as we are standing before Rabul Alameen.
- But in ayah 2, Allah tells us He is a Rab, unlike any other; He alone is Ar-Rahman and Ar-Raheem. No master by his nature is merciful (slaves hate their masters; most people hate their bossess).
- Most people take His mercy for granted. Reflect over the last time you committed a sin. You probably said, “oh, Allah will forgive me. He is extremely merciful.”
- This ayah negates that. He is extremely merciful, but He is also Just. Whatever you do, you will be held accountable on Qiyammah (Day of Judgement).
- One of the greatest manifestations of the mercy of Allah is Qiyammah. This world does not have absolute justice. This will only occur on Qiyammah.
- The opposite of mercy is the anger of Allah. Ayah 3 does not mention that, and in that is another mercy.
- Allah will be merciful to the believers on Qiyammah; He will be just to the disbelievers.
Do you understand these words?
- مَالِكْ The Owner. We will all return to Malik as His property. But even then, He is extremely merciful, in that He will be just and merciful.
- You probably heard مَلِكْ – king. The King of Qiyammah. The one with absolute kingship on that day, is the true king.
- Is there a contradiction? Never, ever, in the Quran! A person can be a king and an owner simultaneously.
- The literally translation is the Day of Religion. Why is it not called the Day of Judgement? It is as if Allah SWT is saying that this is the day which He will reward people on His religion; as for those who are following other religions, Allah has no reward for them.
- Another meaning is loan. What does the Day of Loans mean? When you give a loan, you expect a return. We were loaned everything by Allah (for example, our bodies, our wealth, our knowledge, etc.), and we will be paid with either Jannah– Eternal Bliss or Jahanam — Eternal Torture.
- Refers to a portion of time — could be short or long (we learn from Prophet SAW that Allah will judge the believers first and will prolong the judgement for the disbelievers) In this, is yet another mercy.
- How interconnected these three ayats are! The connections will only increase, which is mind-boggling!
- An ayah literally means a miracle from Allah (for example what Allah gave to Moosa AS, Issa AS, etc.).
- What is the relationship of this ayah to ayah 4?
- Ramadan is the best time to give up sins and become consistent in doing good deeds.
- Ibn Qayyim RA said, “repel the thought, for if you don’t, it becomes an idea. So repel the idea, for if you don’t, it will become a desire. So fight against the desire, for if you don’t, it will become a determination and a passion. And if you don’t repel that, it will become an action. And if you don’t replace it with it’s opposite, it will become a constant habit. So at that point, it will be difficult for you to change it.”
- Remember before breaking your fast, that your body is a loan from Allah, and has rights. Prophet SAW said, “the worst vessel the son of Adam can fill is his stomach.” [Ahmad]