1. Who is Allah?

الحمد لله رب العالمين

[All] praise is [due] to Allah , Lord of the worlds –

Why is it called Fatiha? Fatiha means the opening (root is ف ت ح فتح). It is the opening to the Qur’an; the opening to our Salaah; when it was revealed a gate in the heavens was opened; Adam AS ‘opened’ his life with it, since the first thing he did was sneeze; it is the opening to knowledge — importantly, the most beneficial knowledge.

  • Hamd is mentioning a good attribute, which is at the level of perfection.
  • It is based on love and honor (not done to please someone). Therefore, it is always true.
  • Hamd is a praise that the mahmood — the one who is being praised — deserves (it is not a fake praise).
  • The Al can have 3 main possible meanings, the common one being the. This Al is called لإستغراق الجنس, which yields the following meaning: all types of praises
  • This sentence is noun based (N) and not verb (V) based. Some benefits of it (remember verbs are temporary and nouns are permanent; walking is a verb and a house is a noun)
  • 1. N removes element of time: all types of praises are only for Allah, whether a creation exists or not.
  • 2. N makes the praise a universal declaration of truth. V is not, since a subject is required — someone doing the praise; when the person dies, the praise stops.
  • 3. N is natural; V may be forced (a person may not want to walk but ends up doing it out of habit). The Hamd of Allah is natural.
  • Alhumdullillah is only said for Allah, and none besides Him.
  • Rab has many meanings. Three general ones are: Owner (since He created everything, He naturally owns it), Master (since He created, He must be obeyed), and Provider (the one who nurtures, maintains, sustains etc.).
  • Imagine you built a Robot. Hence, you would be the owner, you will always be obeyed — you can reprogram the robot as you like– and you will take care of it when it has software problems, hardware disintegrates…
  • Allah is the Majestic Name. There are two opinions about its origins: It’s from I-la-aah — ِلا اله الا الله — (the only one who truly deserves worship) versus it is has no origin (just like Allah SWT). Both sides have very strong arguments.
  • Rab of all the worlds, universes, dimensions, etc.

General Benefits:

  • When we begin a speech, we should do so with Al-Humdullilah.
  • Teaches us the attitude that we should have towards our Master.

Virtues:

  • Prophet SAW said, “any servant blessed by Allah and says Al-Humdullilah will be given something better than what he has received.” [Ibn Majah; authentic].

Additional Resources:

  • Brief article for the average person about Al-Humdullilah.
  • Meaning of Al by Dr. V Abdur Rahim — author of the Madinah Arabic Series (it is one of the easiest and the best explanations of all the different types of Al; I loved it).
  • Excellent article about different synonyms of Hamd, sentence structure, and morphological variants. The article is scholarly (I remember I was reading it 3 years ago, with no knowledge of Arabic and was lost).
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3 thoughts on “1. Who is Allah?

  1. Asalaamu Alaikum! JazakAllahu khair for posting these wonderful notes! i’m excited about this blog, May Allah give you the tawfeeq to continue providing us with beneficial knowledge–BarakAllahu feek. Ramadan Mubarak!

  2. JazakAllahu Khairan for your kind comments. The best thing you coudl do is tell others about the website. Alhumdullilah, Allah guided me to the style; I had been looking for something like this myself.

    Ramadan Mubarak!

  3. Assalamun alaikum Jazak-Allah for this wonderful post. Please carry on posting these post so that people like me who would love to understand Quran could benefit

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