الحمد لله رب العالمين
[All] praise is [due] to Allah , Lord of the worlds –
Why is it called Fatiha? Fatiha means the opening (root is ف ت ح فتح). It is the opening to the Qur’an; the opening to our Salaah; when it was revealed a gate in the heavens was opened; Adam AS ‘opened’ his life with it, since the first thing he did was sneeze; it is the opening to knowledge — importantly, the most beneficial knowledge.
- Hamd is mentioning a good attribute, which is at the level of perfection.
- It is based on love and honor (not done to please someone). Therefore, it is always true.
- Hamd is a praise that the mahmood — the one who is being praised — deserves (it is not a fake praise).
- The Al can have 3 main possible meanings, the common one being the. This Al is called لإستغراق الجنس, which yields the following meaning: all types of praises.
- This sentence is noun based (N) and not verb (V) based. Some benefits of it (remember verbs are temporary and nouns are permanent; walking is a verb and a house is a noun)
- 1. N removes element of time: all types of praises are only for Allah, whether a creation exists or not.
- 2. N makes the praise a universal declaration of truth. V is not, since a subject is required — someone doing the praise; when the person dies, the praise stops.
- 3. N is natural; V may be forced (a person may not want to walk but ends up doing it out of habit). The Hamd of Allah is natural.
- Alhumdullillah is only said for Allah, and none besides Him.
- Rab has many meanings. Three general ones are: Owner (since He created everything, He naturally owns it), Master (since He created, He must be obeyed), and Provider (the one who nurtures, maintains, sustains etc.).
- Imagine you built a Robot. Hence, you would be the owner, you will always be obeyed — you can reprogram the robot as you like– and you will take care of it when it has software problems, hardware disintegrates…
- Allah is the Majestic Name. There are two opinions about its origins: It’s from I-la-aah — ِلا اله الا الله — (the only one who truly deserves worship) versus it is has no origin (just like Allah SWT). Both sides have very strong arguments.
- Rab of all the worlds, universes, dimensions, etc.
- When we begin a speech, we should do so with Al-Humdullilah.
- Teaches us the attitude that we should have towards our Master.
- Prophet SAW said, “any servant blessed by Allah and says Al-Humdullilah will be given something better than what he has received.” [Ibn Majah; authentic].
- Brief article for the average person about Al-Humdullilah.
- Meaning of Al by Dr. V Abdur Rahim — author of the Madinah Arabic Series (it is one of the easiest and the best explanations of all the different types of Al; I loved it).
- Excellent article about different synonyms of Hamd, sentence structure, and morphological variants. The article is scholarly (I remember I was reading it 3 years ago, with no knowledge of Arabic and was lost).